Types of Diabetes
Diabetes comes in several forms. Each has its own risk factors, symptoms and treatments, though they share common features.
Type 1 diabetes
People with type 1 diabetes cannot make enough insulin to break glucose down. Then glucose builds up, causing high blood sugar levels. This form of the disease is also called “juvenile diabetes” because it usually develops in childhood. But older people can also get it. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily injections of insulin. There is no cure for type 1 diabetes. But making healthy choices can help manage the disease.
Type 2 diabetes
People with type 2 diabetes can make insulin, but their body can’t use it to break down glucose. Then glucose builds up, causing high blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes is also called "adult-onset diabetes" (though more children now get it, most likely due to rising childhood obesity). Type 2 diabetes is 10 to 20 times more common than Type 1. There is no cure for type 2 diabetes. But making healthy choices can help manage the disease. Type 2 diabetics may also need medication or insulin therapy.
Some women who are not diabetic get high blood glucose during pregnancy. Women who develop gestational diabetes are at high risk for type 2 diabetes later in life.
People with prediabetes have a higher blood sugar level than normal. That raises their risk for getting type 2 diabetes. But they can often lower their blood sugar level and their risk of type 2 diabetes by making healthy lifestyle changes.
HPSM’s Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP)
If you have prediabetes, HPSM’s DPP can help. This program is available to eligible HPSM members at no cost. Get personalized support from a trained Lifestyle Coach in weekly group video support sessions. They’ll show you how to make a healthy lifestyle plan – and stick to it. Learn about the program.