Child Health

Your Child's Growth & Development

Stages of Growth 

  • Infant: Ages 0-12 months
  • Toddler: Ages 1-3 years
  • Preschooler: Ages 3-5 years
  • Middle Childhood: Ages 6-11 years
  • Young Teen: 12-14 years

Regular check-ups

Take your child to the doctor for regular check-ups. Regular check-ups are a covered benefit for HPSM members. With regular check-ups, your child’s doctor or pediatrician can make sure your child is growing and developing properly. Ask what you can do to help your child get the right nutrition, medical and dental care they need to be healthy.

Birth to 3 years

Exams: 1, 2, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, and 30 month

  • Chicken Pox
  • DTaP
  • Hepatitis A (HepA)
  • Hepatitis B (HepB)
  • HIB
  • Influenza/Flu -annually
  • MMR
  • Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV13)
  • Polio (IPV)
  • Rotavirus (RV)

3+ years

Exams: Annual exam

  • Influenza/Flu -annually
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)- start at age 11
  • Meningococcal (MCV)- before age 13
  • Tetanus-diphtheria (Tdap) Booster-every ten years

Child Safety


Never give aspirin to children unless your doctor has told you to do so. If your child’s doctor prescribes medicine, use it the way the doctor tells you to. If there are side effects, call your doctor and discuss the problem. You and your child’s doctor are partners in taking care of your child.


Immunizations (also known as vaccines or shots) prevent many serious diseases. HPSM has programs to cover all recommended vaccines. If you just had a baby, talk to your doctor about recommended vaccines. Your doctor can help your child get vaccines from birth through age 6. Teenagers need vaccines too. As your child approaches adolescence, discuss with your child's doctor what vaccines your teen needs. Babies, children, and teens also need a flu shot.

Injury Prevention

Knowing how to prevent child injuries is key to keeping children safe. Here are some tips to prevent child injuries.

  • Make sure your child always uses a seatbelt or a child safety seat.
  • Keep medicine and cleaning solutions where your child cannot reach them.
  • Make sure that your child always wears the proper safety gear when participating in outdoor activities.
  • Make sure that surfaces under playground equipment are soft and safe.

Hand Washing

Hand washing prevents the spread of germs. It is important to teach children to wash their hands often. Hand washing is especially important before eating, after using the bathroom, when blowing one’s nose or coughing.

Protection from the Sun

No matter what your skin color is, sunscreen is needed. Light colored skin needs to have sunscreen applied more often to prevent the risk of skin cancer as an adult.

Water Safety

Children can drown in a few minutes, even in a few inches of water. Watch your children all the time when they are around water. This includes when children are in or near water bathtubs, swimming pools or lakes.

Gun Safety

Keep guns out of children's reach. It is safest if guns and children are never in the same home. But if they are, the gun should be stored separately from any ammunition. The gun should have a trigger lock, should be unloaded, and in a place where a child cannot find it.