Types of specialists

Specialists are doctors who treat a specific disease or part of the body. Here are some of the most common medical specialties:

  • Cardiology – Treats disorders of the heart and parts of the circulatory system
  • Family Medicine– Provides basic health care to all the members of a family
  • Gastroenterology – Focuses on the gastrointestinal system (e.g., stomach, intestines, colon, liver, etc.)
  • Hospitalist – A doctor who only works in a hospital
  • Immunology – Concerned with the health of the immune system
  • Internal Medicine– Deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of adult diseases
  • Neurology – Treats disorders of the nerves and nervous system
  • Orthopedics – Focuses on the musculoskeletal system
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology – Specializes in female reproductive issues (e.g., pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum health)
  • Urology – Concerned with urinary system functions and disorders 

See a comprehensive list of medical specialties and subspecialties